OGN Letter: Concerns regarding Freedom of Information Commission and Tribunal Fees
Members of the UK Open Government Network have written to Matthew Hancock, Minister for the Cabinet Office, to express concern at recent developments that threaten the Freedom of Information Act. Read and download the letter below.
UPDATE 12/10/15: The Minister’s response to this letter can be found here: https://www.opengovernment.org.uk/2015/10/12/matthew-hancock-responds-to-foi-letter/
The Rt Hon Matthew Hancock MP
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Paymaster General
London SW1A 2AS
13 August 2015
Dear Mr Hancock,
Concerns regarding Freedom of Information Commission and Tribunal Fees
We, the undersigned organisations, who are all involved in the Open Government Network, are writing to express our deep concern about two recent developments which seriously threaten the Freedom of Information (FOI) Act. We regard the Act as a fundamental pillar of the UK’s openness arrangements. So too did the coalition government which stated that the Act had been “successful in achieving its core aims of increased openness, transparency and accountability”. We do not believe that the Act’s important rights should be restricted and consider that attempts to do so would be likely to undermine the Open Government Partnership (OGP) process itself.
First, we are concerned at the nature of the inquiry to be undertaken by the Freedom of Information Commission announced on July 17th. Its terms of reference indicate that it is designed to focus solely on the case for restricting the FOI right of access. It will consider whether ‘sensitive information’ is sufficiently protected; whether the ‘safe space’ for policy development is properly recognised; and whether measures are needed to moderate ‘the burden of the Act on public authorities’. There is no suggestion that the Commission will consider improving the Act, for example, by enhancing the right of access, increasing the number of organisations subject to the Act or removing unnecessary obstacles to disclosure. We note that the FOI Act was fully reviewed by the Justice Committee in 2012 which reported that the Act had been “a significant enhancement of our democracy” and concluded “We do not believe that there has been any general harmful effect at all on the ability to conduct business in the public service, and in our view the additional burdens are outweighed by the benefits.” The Justice Committee review took seven months during which time it considered 140 pieces of evidence and heard oral evidence from 37 witnesses. By contrast the FOI Commission is due to report by the end of November, has a composition which overwhelmingly reflects the interests of government and an extremely limited remit which does not suggest that a thorough, open-minded and properly considered inquiry is likely.
We ask the Government to publish its reasons for limiting the Commission’s remit solely to measures that would restrict the right of access while omitting any consideration of what might be needed to enhance access under the Act.
Second, and in relation to ‘the burden of the Act on public authorities’, the Government has just published proposals to introduce new Tribunal fees including those for appeals to the First-tier Tribunal against the Information Commissioner’s FOI decisions. Unlike other tribunal proceedings, which typically involve the appellant’s private rights, FOI appeals generally seek to promote the public interest by making information publicly available. The introduction of fees for appeals to the Employment Tribunal has severely cut the number of unfair dismissal claims. It seems highly likely that introducing fees for FOI appeals will have a similarly drastic impact, affecting the provision of information to the public as a whole.
Proposals that limit the scope and function of the FOI Act, as these appear designed to do, are fundamentally incompatible with the Government’s wish to become and claim to already be “the most transparent government in the world”. The purpose of the OGP, in which the signatories are all involved, is to help make government more open: these proposals would have the opposite effect. They are entirely contrary to the spirit and purpose of the OGP.
We strongly urge you not to undermine this important legislation.
Alexandra Runswick, Unlock Democracy
Anne Thurston, International Records Management Trust
Anthony Zacharzewski, Demsoc
Brendan O’Donnell, Global Witness
Cathy James OBE, Public Concern at Work
Chris Taggart, Open Corporates
David Miller, Spinwatch
Deborah King, Disability Politics UK
Dr Andy Williamson, Democratise
Jacqui McKinlay, Centre for Public Scrutiny (CfPS)
Jim Killock, Open Rights Group
Joe Taylor, National Community Activists’ Network (NatCAN)
Jonathan Gray, Open Knowledge
Joseph Stead, Christian Aid
Julian Tait, Open Data Manchester
Karl Wilding, NCVO
Lucas Amin, Request Initiative
Maurice Frankel, Campaign for Freedom of Information
Miles Litvinoff, Publish What You Pay UK
Nim Njuguna, Kenya Diaspora Bureau (UK)
Penelope Gibbs, Transform Justice
Phil Booth, medConfidential
Robert Barrington, Transparency International UK
Rupert Simons, Publish What You Fund
Sid Ryan, Centre for Investigative Journalism
Simon Burall, Involve
Thomas Hughes, Article 19
Tim Davies, Practical Participation
Tim Hughes, UK Open Government Network coordinator
Tris Lumley, New Philanthropy Capital